Nigeria is a country with a big economic and cultural potential. Because of that the country can progress in the field of economy, tourism and culture.
The government of Nigeria can think about the possibilities to develop tourism in the country. In Nigeria there are rich natural and cultural resources, which can be used for international tourism. This can convert Nigeria in a leading tourist destination in Africa, can contribute to Nigerian economy, and can also contribute to establish new work places in Nigerian society.
The government of Nigeria can think about the possibilities in investing in infrastructure. The better infrastructure is a good condition for the development of tourism. Tourism could help to shorten cultural distance, stimulate intercultural dialogue, and contribute to active cultural exchanges between peoples, which is today particularly important for today’s stability in Nigeria.
Nigeria has a lot of petrol resources. This is a serious economic advantage of the country and should be used to force the relations in international trade. Using petrol in international trade, can contribute to the economic growth of the country.
I would like to mention that youth entrepreneurship can help to reduce the youth unemployment crisis in Nigeria. That means that young people can help to each other to find an employment.
The government of Nigeria can create educational programmes, designed for young people. With educational programmes young people can be teached how to establish their own business, in order to create new work places, which can be used by the unemployed young Nigerians.
Tourism can offer different entrepreneurship possibilities for young people in Nigerian society. They can try to establish their own business in tourism and to attract the foreign interest to Nigeria as tourist destination.
Also, I would like to point out that the good governance includes the principle of equal dignity and respect for all cultures, which is a factor in sustaining cultural diversity in each country and region. It is necessary to take into account the difference and to be tolerant of it, as it complements every society and community.
“Celebrating cultural diversity means opening up new perspectives for sustainable development and promoting creative industries and cultural entrepreneurship as sources of millions of jobs worldwide – particularly for young people and especially for women. Culture is a sustainable development accelerator whose potential has been recognized in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by the United Nations.”
In this new, turbulent international globalised landscape, a central message for the people in Nigeria must be heralded: peace is more than the absence of war, it is living together with our differences – of sex, race, language, religion or culture – while furthering universal respect for justice and human rights on which such coexistence depends. Therefore, peace should never be taken for granted. It is an on-going process, a long-term goal which requires constant engineering, vigilance and active participation by all young people. It is a choice to be made on each situation, an everyday life decision to engage in sincere dialogue with other individual and communities, whether they live a block or a click away.
The self-esteem we owe as people and citizens justifies efforts to build a better world based on intercultural dialogue, tolerance and unification.
Here is the place to point out that it is of particular importance for political and social stability in the world to maintain cultural exchanges and to promote mutual cultural enrichment.
This contributes to preserving the cultural heritage of the world, preserving different and specific cultural traditions, thereby contributing to cultural development, and creating conditions for cooperation in science and education, which is an important condition for sustainable development.
I emphasize these areas because of the fact that today there are a number of social and social problems in the world, which can be overwhealmed with active youth actions. It is no coincidence that the European Union declared 2015 as a “year of development”.
In this line of thought, I believe it is necessary to stimulate international tourism.
The Refugee Crisis should not be an obstacle to travel. Active tourism can be a useful tool to help eliminate prejudices and promote mutual understanding and communication between young people, that also matters for Nigeria.
Tourism could help to shorten cultural distance, stimulate intercultural dialogue, and contribute to active cultural exchanges between peoples, which is today particularly important for today’s stability in Nigeria.
Thirdly, I would like to point out the principle of equal dignity and respect for all cultures, which is a factor in sustaining cultural diversity in each country and region. It is necessary to take into account the difference and to be tolerant of it, as it complements every society and community.
“In our increasingly diverse societies, it is essential to ensure harmonious interaction among people and groups with plural, varied and dynamic cultural identities as well as their willingness to live together. Policies for the inclusion and participation of all citizens are guarantees of social cohesion, the vitality of civil society and peace. Thus defined, cultural pluralism gives policy expression to the reality of cultural diversity. Indissociable from a democratic framework, cultural pluralism is conducive to cultural exchange and to the flourishing of creative capacities that sustain public life” (Article 2, “From cultural diversity to cultural pluralism”).
Today, peace requires ever more active investments, enlightened leadership, powerful educational values, extensive research in social innovation and a progressive media world. Everyone and each of these constitutes a requirement relevant to the mission of UNESCO. The Organization’s longstanding commitments to the development of education and sciences, the enrichment of cultural creativity, heritage and cultural futures, including a vibrant and peace-oriented global media structure, can in fact be seen as UNESCO’s contribution to world peace as active, flourishing and sustainable.
The cultural exchange between young people in Nigeria can support the equitable exchange and dialogue among cultures and peoples, based on mutual understanding and respect and the equal dignity of all cultures is the essential prerequisite for constructing social cohesion, reconciliation among peoples and peace among nations. Our cultural environment is changing quickly and becoming more and more diversified. Therefore cultural diversity is an essential condition of global multiculturalism, brought about by cross-border migration, the claim of national and other minorities to a distinct cultural identity, the cultural effects of globalisation, the growing interdependence between all world regions and the advances of information and communication media. More and more individuals are living in a “multicultural” normality and have to manage their own multiple cultural affiliations.
Cultural diversity is also an economic, social and political example of goog governance, which needs to be developed and adequately managed. On the other hand, increasing cultural diversity brings about new social and political challenges. Cultural diversity often triggers fear and rejection. Stereotyping, racism, xenophobia, intolerance, discrimination and violence can threaten peace and the very essence of local and national communities in Nigeria.
Cultural dialogue between young people, the oldest and most fundamental mode of democratic conversation, is an antidote to rejection and violence. Its objective is to enable us to live together peacefully and constructively in a multicultural world and to develop a sense of community and belonging.
In a general sense, the objective of intercultural dialogue is to learn to live together peacefully and constructively in a multicultural world and to develop a sense of community and belonging. The cultural exchange between young people in Nigeria can also be a tool for the prevention and resolution of conflicts by enhancing the respect for human rights, democracy and the rule of law. More specifically, this youth exchange in Nigeria could contribute to reject terrorism in the world in the following goals:
To share visions of the world, to understand and learn from those that do not see the world with the same perspective we do;
To identify similarities and differences between different cultural traditions and perceptions;
To achieve a consensus that disputes should not be resolved by violence;
To help manage cultural diversity in a democratic manner, by making the necessary adjustments to all types of existing social and political arrangements;
To support regional and international tourism;
To bridge the divide between those who perceive diversity as a threat and those who view it as an enrichment;
To share best practices particularly in the areas of intercultural dialogue, the democratic management of social diversity and the promotion of social cohesion; To develop jointly new projects.
To raise awareness worldwide about the importance of intercultural dialogue, diversity and inclusion;
To build a community of individuals committed to support diversity with real and every day-life gestures.
This measures are an example to show that Nigeria is not only a country with a well-developed economy, but also with a well-educated young people, who can be successful entrepreneurs and politicians. I would like also to emphasize that the mentioned cultural exchange between young people in Nigeria can be an effective tool to stop terrorism in the worlds. In this sense, Nigeria is an important factor in the combat against terrorism in the world.
- Official website of the United Nations, http://www.un.org/en/events/culturaldiversityday/,
- Official website of UNESCO, http://en.unesco.org/themes/intercultural-dialogue