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16 Mar 2016

Nairaland Debate – Unemployment In Nigeria? Blame The Government


Nigeria, which is the biggest black nation in the world, ought to have very strong economy capable of employing almost all employable citizens, but unfortunately, the unemployment rate in Nigeria is alarming. It is quite a pity that a nation as blessed as ours with all good blessings such as lands flowing with milk and honey, to abundant natural resources among many others still battle with high unemployment rate. Unemployment have become a socio-economic problem and since little or nothing had been done to put it on check, it has had adverse effects on our country and has led to criminal activities and other evil vices. Before I proceed further to make my informed audience, co-debaters and the judges see reasons why government is solely to blame for the high unemployment rate, I will love to give honor to whom it is due.


Good evening to the Chairman of this occasion, Mr. Seun Osewa for this platform to debate solutions for Nigeria and Africa at large, ever-zealous coordinators, perspicacious panel of judges, intelligent co-debaters, literati, intelligentsia and informed audience. I am Aysuccess99, a representative of the prestigious University of Ibadan, the First and the Best. I am here to support the motion that: Government is solely to blame for high unemployment rate in Nigeria. According tocan Nicholas[2000], a person is unemployed if he or she is eligible for work but does not have a job. Also, according to Aguene[1991], unemployment refers to the number of people in the population who are willing and offer themselves for employment but could not be employed because of lack of vacancies for them. The most appropriate definition of unemployment is given by Lampman[1974] who defines unemployment as a socio-economic situation in which persons who have no work are able and willing to work and also actively seeking for work but has no work. It must be noted that no country can have a zero unemployment rate but the unemployment rate of our country is quite alarming.


According to the National Bureau of Statistics, unemployment rate in Nigeria increased to 9.9 percent in the third quarter of 2015 from 8.20 percent in the second quarter of 2015. Unemployment rate in Nigeria averaged 11.45 percent from 2006 to 2015, reaching an all time high of 23.90 percent in the fourth quarter of 2011 and a record low of 5.30 percent in the fourth quarter of 2006. Looking at this statistics in relation to the adverse effect of unemployment in Nigeria, one will begin to wonder who should be held responsible for this socio-economic problem affecting our nation.


Why has not any government made creating jobs a priority instead of promising roads and bridges which they eventually do not build? Most people claim that it should not be the job of the government to create jobs and that citizens should use their initiatives and creative thinking to create jobs for themselves. In as much as the use of one’s initiatives in creating job is good but when has it become the responsibility of the citizens to create jobs for themselves? Every reasonable and focused government of the world strive and do all it takes to reduce the number of their unemployed graduates. This shows that getting people, especially young graduates gainful employment is the sole responsibility of the government at all levels. Even the United States of America in spite of her level of capitalism still believe that it is the sole responsibility of the government to reduce unemployment to the barest minimum which the ”Employment Act of 1946” represents: ‘The Congress hereby declares that it is the continuing policy and responsibility of the Federal Government to use all practical means to promote maximum employment, production and purchasing power to her citizens.

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[left]Further more, the corruption exhibited by our government has led to unemployment. Those who are meant to use public funds for building more industries embezzle such funds for their personal use which resulted in massive increase in unemployment rate. Without going too far, Nigeria is said to be the eight most corrupt country in the world and so has high unemployment rate. Taking the case of the missing or unaccounted $20 billion at NNPC among many other corrupt practices and embezzlement carried out by our government, this funds could have been invested in infrastructures that will aid businesses which will create job openings but it is now a pity because it is the other way round. Chinua Achebe[1983] in one of the finding in his book, ‘The Trouble With Nigeria’ emphasized that the cult of corruption formed by our rulers, and their insatiable quest to loot the National treasury has sailed us into the ‘ocean’ of economic confusion and unemployment. In his observations, it is true that a Nigeria free from corrupt rulers will be a Nigeria free from unemployment.

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In conclusion, I believe so strongly that our government should be solely held responsible for the high unemployment rate in our country due to their lackadaisical approach towards the situation of unemployment in the country. Who has over the last decade allocated less than half the recommended budget for education, and as such produce graduates that are half-baked? Who had in previous years made high allocations and budget to security and yet still combating with insecurity and terrorism and as such scare foreign investors away? There are still much questions to be asked but if your answer is the same as mine, then I believe that you would have seen reasons why the government should be solely blame for the high unemployment rate in Nigeria. Thank you.

1. Youth Unemployment in Nigeria: nigeriamasterweb.com/Masterweb/MasterwebMobileNews.php?rss_id=MzM

  1. Nigeria Unemployment Rate|2006-2016|Data: www.tradingeconomics.com/nigeria/unemployment-rate


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